Think back to your childhood and picture this – moving moving across the monkey bars, racing your friends to the top of the jungle gym, perhaps you were a sandpit fan? With this play came laughter, games, scrapes and bruises, but most importantly it framed our childhoods.
Modern playgrounds have become a symbol of our youth, our creativity and our children’s development. They have evolved from inner city bare concrete to some of the most thrilling activity centres imaginable, and on that, we have prepared a little history of playgrounds through the ages.
Teaching children through play
It’s widely acknowledged that the first dedicated playground was built in in 1859 in Manchester, England. Although the idea and theory behind these grounds was developed in Germany more than a decade earlier, educator Henry Barnard designed the original outdoor play space as an extension of the classroom. His intention was to create a practical environment where children could learn and develop skills through play. His depiction showed children, surrounded by educators, exploring their space, playing games, building blocks, swinging and climbing. He’d meticulously studied pedagogy and saw the notion of the playground as the perfect complement to a child’s development.
By any means necessary – keeping the kids occupied
It took nearly half a century for his ideas to really pick up steam and playgrounds began to pop up all over cities around the world. Inner city streets became increasingly less safe for the often-unsupervised children of the city. The lucky few were privy to some spectacular playgrounds, full of swings, see-saws, carousels and slides. For many, it was a dedicated area filled with half-baked, usually unsafe constructs designed with the sole purpose of keeping the children out of the way, the trouble was, embracing the materials of the industrial age, the equipment often led to major injuries.
Post World War II – the adventure playground
Danish landscape architect C. Th. Sorensen started to notice that children didn’t want to be in his playgrounds – they wanted to explore, create and move freely anywhere but in a confined playground. How could he create an environment that both attracted and retained the children, kept them engaged and out of the way? He designed the “junk playground”. Using, just as its name suggests, junk and recycled rubbish these areas were designed to engage children creatively using the natural urban surrounds.
As World War II came to a close, Lady Allen of Hurtwood discovered these gems and recreated the “adventure playground”. This idea spread like wildfire throughout Europe and Lady Allen even designed special accessible playgrounds for children with disabilities. These playgrounds became more and more popular and some are still around today.
Novelty to Safety – how safety regulations changed design
Over the years, designers started to edge their way back into children’s play and some of the most creative playgrounds began to pop up. Steering away from the traditionally structured grounds, designers started to build imaginary worlds through the creativity of their structures. Jungle gyms shaped like animals, giant colourful rockets (Sydney-siders will remember enthralling playgrounds such as the Rocket Park in Centennial Park) gave playgrounds new life, and children playing there, playful incentives to play and learn outside.
Sadly, many of these structures were deemed unsafe for children, and by the eighties, a lot of these novelty parks were being torn down to accommodate the burgeoning safety regulations. This coupled with the onset of computer games and indoor play, saw a decline in outdoor creative play.
Architecturally marvellous– turning sculpture into play
In recent years, there has been a real push towards creating engaging spaces for our children to play and learn. In order to fit in with the safety regulations, designers and architects have created some of the most innovative, accessible and interesting playgrounds. Playgrounds are now designed to include water features, brightly coloured equipment, and contemporary art. Each piece created with a unique purpose, to challenge and engage children.
Three playgrounds at Centennial Parklands offer this kind of experience, with features like interactive climbing frames, a Liberty Swing (a swing system that allows access by kids who use wheelchairs) and we recently installed a durable softfall material to make them more accessible and a little safer.
The latest and greatest development in this story, is of course, where intelligent architectural design meets the school of nature play – creating spaces where children can get their hands dirty, build cubbies and run through forests and natural creek beds… A playground where children can really run ‘wild’. And guess what? A space like this is about to open in Centennial Park!
WILD PLAY is coming…
Centennial Parklands is counting down the days to the launch of the Ian Potter Children’s WILD PLAY Garden. The $4 million dollar Garden is currently being constructed in Centennial Park, adjacent to the Education Precinct, opening this spring for children aged between 2 and 12 years of age.
We recently gave a sneak peek of the new treehouse, which will feature in the Garden among giant boulders, bamboo thickets and water features to emulate a natural environment (with loads of extra pizzazz) so that kids can really test their boundaries.